Who We Are
Wayne Jordash specializes in humanitarian law, international criminal and human rights law and transitional justice related issues. He has represented individuals in the UK, at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) and the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL). Clients have included a mayor (Baglishema) and a prominent businessman (Bagaragaza) at the ICTR and the leader of the Sierra Leonean Revolutionary United Front (RUF) (Sesay). He also acted as a consultant at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) advising on a range of international law issues relevant to the defence of former Khmer Rouge members of the Pol Pot regime, including the deputy to Pol Pot (Nuon Chea) and the former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Khieu Samphan. He has published widely in international journals and textbooks. Current work includes: acting as the lead counsel at the ICTY defending Jovica Stanišić, the first intelligence chief to be tried by an international criminal tribunal; representing the Libyan Government in their admissibility challenge at the ICC; acting as a consultant on the appeal in the case of Sagahutu convicted in 2011 at the ICTR for the crime of killing UN peacekeepers at the outset of the Rwandan genocide; consultant to ICJ’s African Regional Program (pursuing domestic prosecutions of international crimes) and advising an accused at the Bosnian State War Crimes Court on charges relating to superior responsibility. He is also a consultant to the Cambodian Centre for Human Rights (CCHR), advising on a range of international, criminal and human rights law issues for the NGO that works to promote democracy and human rights throughout Cambodia.
Dr. Guénaël Mettraux acts as Defense counsel before international criminal jurisdictions. Over the past decade, he has represented several high-ranking military and civilian leaders accused of international crimes, including General Sefer Halilović (former Commander of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina), Ljube Boškoski (former Minister of Interior of the Republic of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) and General Ante Gotovina (General in the Croatian Army). He is now one of eight counsel representing defendants before the first international terrorism Tribunal (the Special Tribunal for Lebanon). He also acts as consultant before the International Criminal Court (including in the case Prosecutor v Jean-Pierre Bemba), the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (including in the case The Prosecutor v Mico Stanišić), the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (including in the case The Prosecutor v Nuon Chea, Khieu Samphan, Ieng Thirith and Ieng Sary), as well as for a number of NGOs. He has advised on various issues pertaining to regulatory regimes, criminal trials, legislations and transitional justice. Dr. Mettraux has recently been appointed as Professor of Law at the University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands). He is also a Guest Professor at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). He has published extensively in the field of international criminal law. His scholarly works include three books: “International Crimes and the ad hoc Tribunals (OUP, 2005), “Perspectives on the Nuremberg Trial” (OUP, 2008) and “The Law of Command Responsibility” (OUP, 2009), which was awarded the Lieber Prize from the American Society of International Law. He is a member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of International Criminal Justice and the Board of Editors of the International Criminal Law Review.
Amal Alamuddin is a barrister specialising in international law, human rights, extradition and criminal law. She has represented clients in cases before the International Criminal Court, the International Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights, as well as in domestic courts in the UK and US. She is fluent in French and Arabic and has particular expertise in international criminal law and the Middle East region.
Amal’s cases include Cambodia v Thailand (representing Cambodia at the International Court of Justice in Temple of Preah Vihear territorial claim); Prosecutor v Senussi and Gaddafi (representing Abdallah Al Senussi, former Libyan intelligence chief, in case of alleged crimes against humanity at the International Criminal Court); Tymoshenko v Ukraine (representing Yulia Tymoshenko, former Ukrainian Prime Minister, in human rights claim at the European Court of Human Rights); Sweden v Assange (representing Julian Assange, founder of Wikileaks, in extradition proceedings at City of Westminster Magistrates’ Court, London); Prosecutor v Ayyash et al (as member of prosecution team in case against four persons accused of assassinating former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon); and Prosecutor v Milosevic (as judicial assistant to Judge Patrick Robinson, Presiding Judge on trial of former Head of State Slobodan Milosevic at the UN International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia).
Amal also provides advice to governments and individuals on international law, and has been appointed to a number of UN commissions. She was an adviser to Special Envoy Kofi Annan on the Syrian peace process in 2012. She acts as Counsel to the Inquiry launched by UN human rights rapporteur Ben Emmerson QC into the use of drones in counter-terrorism operations. And she was a legal adviser to the King of Bahrain in connection with the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry headed by Professor Cherif Bassiouni in 2011.
John Jones is a barrister who specialises in the law of extradition, war crimes and counter-terrorism. From 1995 to the present, John has practiced as an international criminal lawyer at the war crimes tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), Rwanda (ICTR) and Sierra Leone (SCSL). He has appeared as counsel in five separate cases at the ICTY (Mehmed Alagic, Naser Oric, Momcilo Krajisnik, Rasim Delic and Mladen Markac). John has written the leading textbook on international criminal law, “International Criminal Practice” (3rd edition, Oxford University Press: 2003) and is co-editor, with Antonio Cassese and Paola Gaeta, of The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: A Commentary (Oxford University Press, 2002) He was called to the Bar by Lincoln’s Inn in 1992. He is also admitted to practice law in the District of Columbia, USA and the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Me Stéphane Bourgon Ad.E. is a military academy graduate, former officer and military legal advisor who served in the Canadian Armed Forces for more than 20 years, specializing in criminal law (prosecuting and defending before Courts Martial), operational law and international humanitarian law. He participated in many international missions including in Norway (CAST brigade), Germany (artillery regiment), Bosnia and Herzegovina (NATO Implementation Force – IFOR) and Burundi (United Nations Centre for Human Rights). Called to the Bar (Québec, Canada) in 1993, he has been practicing before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) on a full time basis for more than 14 years. He initially worked in the Office of the Prosecutor, moving on to Chambers where he held the position of Chef de Cabinet in the Office of the President. Since January 2002, he has been assigned as Defence Counsel to represent numerous accused before the ICTY including, amongst others, General Hadžihasanović – former Chief of Staff of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina), General Delić – former Commander in Chief of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, General Dragomir Milosević – Commander of the Sarajevo Romania Corps (Bosnian Serb Army), General Veselin Šljivančanin (Army of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia), Second Lieutenant Drago Nikolić – Chief of Security of the Zvornik Brigade (Bosnian Serb Army) and General Momčilo Perišić – former Chief of Staff of the Army of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Recently, Me Bourgon also represented the late Ange Félix Patassé – former President of the Central African Republic as well as Laurent Nkunda – Congolese rebel leader and CNDP Chairman, before Rwandan courts and tribunals. In 2003, and again in 2004, he was elected President of the Association of Defence Counsel practicing before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ADC-ICTY). He is on the Executive Board of the International Criminal Defence Attorneys Association (ICDAA) as well as a member of the International Criminal Bar (ICB). He is regularly invited as guest speaker and lecturer to address groups of Judges, military officers, legal professionals and students from numerous states. In 2007 and 2008, he was lecturer in international criminal law at the University Center for International Humanitarian Law (UCIHL / CUDIH) in Geneva.
In parallel to his international legal practice, Me Bourgon recently held the position of Senior Director, Communications, Governmental Affairs and Strategic Planning at the International Center for Human Rights and Democratic Development (Rights and Democracy). In 2009, he was awarded the advocatus emeritus (Ad.E.) distinction by the Barreau du Québec.
Mahdev Mohan is an Assistant Professor of Law at the Singapore Management University where he teaches public international law and directs the Asian Peace-building & Rule of Law research programme. A former Fulbright scholar, Mahdev’s writing in the fields of international law and conflict resolution has been awarded Stanford University’s Carl Mason Franklin Jr. Prize for International Law and the Richard S. Goldsmith Research Grant for International Conflict and Negotiation. Mahdev has a background in commercial dispute resolution. He has assisted Senior Counsel in Singapore on a range of contentious and advisory matters, has served as a military prosecutor and is an international civil party lawyer representing victims of the Khmer Rouge regime at the UN-backed Khmer Rouge tribunal in Cambodia. He currently leads a study on implementation of the UN Guiding Principles in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, with a focus on land rights and the extractive industry. He is the co-editor of “Business & Human Rights Law in Southeast Asia – An Imperative for States & Corporations” (Routledge University Press, upcoming).
Max du Plessis
Max du Plessis is a barrister in South Africa and associate tenant at Doughty Street. He has an extensive practice in international, administrative and constitutional law; and has appeared in leading cases on international law and human rights in South Africa”s Constitutional Court and Supreme Court of Appeal (including cases on diplomatic protection, the death penalty, the duty under international law to combat corruption, and extradition and non-refoulement). He has appeared before the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights and the SADC Tribunal, and has acted as adviser to governments and NGOs on questions of international and international criminal law. Max has represented NGOs in South Africa in utilizing South Africa”s Implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Act in pursuing cases against individuals accused of international crimes in Zimbabwe, Rwanda, Gaza and Madagascar. He has written widely in the field of international and international criminal law. Max is an associate professor of law at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, and a senior research associate at the International Crime in Africa Programme at the Institute for Security Studies, Pretoria.
Professor of International Criminal Law, in particular the Law of International Criminal Procedure at the University of Amsterdam and lawyer at Böhler advocaten, Amsterdam. From 2002 to 2010 he was a judge at the Utrecht and The Hague District Courts. In the latter capacity, Sluiter sat on the Van Anraat case, the first genocide case in the Netherlands. Previously, he worked as a Senior Lecturer in Criminal Law at the University of Amsterdam and a Lecturer in International Law at Utrecht University. He is the co-founder and co-editor (with Prof. André Klip) of the series Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, the co-editor (with C. Stahn) of The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court (Brill, forthcoming 2008) and the co-editor (with S. Vasiliev) of International Criminal Procedure: Towards a Coherent Body of Law (CMP, 2009). He is also the author of International Criminal Adjudication and the Collection of Evidence: Obligations of States (Intersentia, 2003), the co-author (with Alexander Zahar) of International Criminal Law: A Critical Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2008). He has published an extensive number of articles in journals, including the Journal of International Criminal Justice and International Criminal Law Review, where he serves as a member of the editorial committee and a member of the editorial board respectively.
David Tolbert was appointed president of the International Center for Transitional Justice as of March 2, 2010. Previously he served as registrar (assistant secretary-general) of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and prior to that was assistant secretary-general and special expert to the United Nations secretary-general on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials.
From 2004 to 2008 Mr. Tolbert served as deputy chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). He had previously been the deputy registrar of the ICTY and at an earlier time served at the ICTY as chef de cabinet to President Gabrielle Kirk McDonald and Senior Legal Adviser, Registry, serving a total of 9 years at the ICTY.
From 2000 to 2003 Mr. Tolbert held the position of executive director of the American Bar Association’s Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative, which manages rule-of-law development programs throughout Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. He also held the position of chief, General Legal Division of the United Nations Relief Works Agency in Vienna, Austria, and Gaza. In addition Mr. Tolbert taught international law and human rights at the post-graduate level in the United Kingdom and practiced law for many years in the United States.
David Tolbert was Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace and served as a member of the American Society of International Law Task Force on United States Policy Toward the International Criminal Court (ICC) during 2008 and 2009. He has a number of publications on international criminal justice, the ICTY, and the ICC, in the Harvard Human Rights Journal, The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, and other journals and books. Mr. Tolbert frequently lectures and makes public appearances on international justice issues. He also represented the ICTY in the discussions leading up to the creation of the ICC and the Rome Conference and served as an expert to the ICC Preparatory Committee Inter-Sessional meetings.
Arnold Tsunga, a highly experienced lawyer is the Director of the Africa Programme of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ). He is the founding Executive Director of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights and a past Executive Secretary of the Law Society of Zimbabwe. He sits on a number of Boards of non-profit organizations where he provides leadership on a voluntary basis including being the vice president of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH); a board member of the Martin Ennals Award Foundation (MEA); Advisory Committee member for the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch (HRW); Board member Lawyers for Human Rights (LHR) South Africa; Board member of the Voice of The People (VOP) Trust which seeks to establish an independent broadcaster in Zimbabwe; past Chairperson of the CRISIS COALITION in Zimbabwe and the Zimbabwe Human Rights Association (ZIMRIGHTS). Arnold has received recognition for his role in promoting and protecting human rights winning some awards such as the Outstanding Chairperson in 20 years for ZIMRIGHTS in 2012; Rotary Foundation of Rotary International Paul Harris Fellowship in appreciation of tangible and significant assistance given for the furtherance of better understanding and friendly relations among peoples of the world in 2007; The Southern Illinois University School of Law 2007 Rule of Law Citation for being an example of what a lawyer should aspire to be in a community; the Human Rights Watch Human Rights Defender Award (2006-7); the Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights defenders (2006); Certificate of Special Congressional Recognition, 2006 (US Congress), Certificate of Courage in Civil Liberties (Parkinson’s Fund) (2004).
Dr. Philippa Webb has been appointed Lecturer in International Law at King’s College London. Previously she was visiting Assistant Professor in the Advanced LLM Programme at Leiden Univeristy. She served as the Special Assistant and Legal Officer to Judge Rosalyn Higgins during her Presidency of the International Court of Justice (2006-2009) and, prior to that, as the Judicial Clerk to Judges Higgins and Owada. She also has a background in international criminal law, having acted as the Associate Legal Adviser to Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo at the International Criminal Court. Philippa has worked at the UN Secretariat in New York and in the Sydney and Tokyo offices of an international law firm. She holds a doctorate and an LLM from Yale Law School as well as degrees in Law and Japanese Studies from the University of New South Wales in Australia. She is a senior member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of International Criminal Justice.
Dr. Miša Zgonec-Rožej is currently an associate fellow in international law at Chatham House and a teaching fellow at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. She was formerly a legal advisor in the international justice team at Amnesty International, in the International Secretariat in London, legal officer in the Chambers of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, where she worked on the Slobodan Milošević case, legal assistant to the former President of the International Court of Justice, Judge Shi, and the former Vice-President of the Court, Judge Al-Khasawneh, and a lecturer at the Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana in Slovenia. She has also been working as a consultant in several cases before the English and European Union courts involving challenges to the implementation of the Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions regime. She holds a PhD from the Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana, on the limits of the United Nations Security Council’s powers and an LL.M. from Columbia University School of Law, New York. Miša was a member of the International Law Association’s Committee on the International Criminal Court and is currently a member of the Committee on the Use of Force. She is also the author of several manuals on international criminal law and human rights, including the International Bar Association’s manual on international criminal law. She regularly acts as a trainer and consultant on international law issues.
Anna Bonini is training as a solicitor with international law firm Hogan Lovells. She has been involved in a variety of projects in the last year, including the drafting of an application to the UN Human Rights Committee, as well as providing advice to the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain on a range of legal issues. She was previously a legal consultant for the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, where she was a member of the team prosecuting three Croatian generals charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity in the Gotovina et al. case. She has also served as an intern within the Legal Advisory Section of the Office of the Prosecutor of the UN-sponsored Special Tribunal for Lebanon.
Anna is currently completing an LLM with the University of London and is engaged in the Legal Practice Course. She studied law at Christ Church College, Oxford University, where she received a Diploma in Legal Studies (with Distinction) and was awarded the Prize for the Best Overall Performance in this programme. She holds a degree in International Law and International Organisation from the University of Siena, Italy, as well as a Graduate Diploma in Law from BPP London. She is fluent in Italian and French.
Julien Maton is currently working in a Defence Team at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Prior to that, Julien was an intern at the International Criminal Court in the Defence Team of Jean-Pierre Bemba, former Vice-President of Congo. Julien holds a bilingual French-English Bachelor in Law and a Master in Law from the Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) as well as a Master in Human Rights from the Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis (FUSL), Belgium. Julien was a Rotary exchange student in California and is fluent in French, English and Dutch.
Raphaëlle Rafin is working as legal researcher in cases of public international law and international human rights law. Her work covered a variety of issues such as extradition, terrorism, conditions of detention, travel bans, fair trial or freedom of expression for cases submitted before the UN Human Rights Committee, the ICC and the ECtHR. She was previously an intern with the Office of the Prosecutor of the UN-sponsored Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Prior to that, Raphaëlle has interned as the Cultural Attaché ad interim of the French Embassy to the Kingdom of Bahrain, and as a research assistant at UNDP Bahrain and at Total’s Ethics and Compliance Department.
Raphaëlle has volunteered for Human Rights NGOs, such as the Business Leaders’ Initiative on Human Rights (BLIHR) and the International Federation for Health and Human Rights Organizations (IFHHRO). She holds a Master of Arts in International Relations from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lille (Sciences-po), France, and an LLM in Public International Law from the University of Leiden, The Netherlands. She is fluent in French and English.