Amnesty International issued a report this week calling on the Israeli authorities to end their long-standing attacks on Palestinian human rights defenders (HRDs) and halt the climate of intimidation of HRDs in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT).
According to the report, Israel is routinely violating Palestinians rights to freedom of expression and freedom of association in the OPT and are targeting HRDs, including by arbitrary arrest and detention, imprisonment, injury and torture. Israel authorities also are failing to protect HRDs from attacks by Israeli settlers and other extreme right wing activists, and in some cases they have been complicit in such attacks.
The report of Amnesty International lists a number of specific situations where human rights defenders have been intimidated, threatened by death, arbitrarily arrested and imprisoned.
In February and March 2016, a staff member and the director of Al-Haq, a prominent Palestinian human rights NGO, were subjected to a number of death threats. According to the report, these threats are directly connected to the organisations work with the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
Israeli ministers allegedly made calls alluding to threats, including of physical harm and deprivation of basic rights, against Omar Barghouti, a Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) activist, at an anti-Boycott Divestment and Sanction conference in Jerusalem on 28 March 2016.
The report also notes that a Palestinian resident of Hebron who filmed and released the footage of the apparent extrajudicial execution of a Palestinian man by an Israeli soldier in February 2016, received death threats made by Israelis living in the nearby illegal settlements.
Israeli authorities further allegedly arrested and imprisoned a Palestinian human rights defender and a Palestinian parliamentarian on arbitrary grounds.
The report states that the Israeli Government is intimidating the Israeli organisation Breaking the Silence in order to undermine its work. Breaking the Silence aims to educate the Israeli public about Israeli military practices in the OPT, including those which are abusive or criminal. In recent years, the Israeli authorities have passed a number of laws that restrict the space for opposition to Israeli government policies and actions.
Amnesty International calls on the Israeli authorities to take immediate steps to provide protection necessary for HRDs in Israel and the OTP to carry out their work freely and without fear of attacks and harassment. Attacks and threats against human rights defenders must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account, according to Amnesty International.