The Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) delivered its judgment of the appeals in the trial of The Prosecutor vs. Nyiramasuhuko et al. (Butare Case) on the 14th of December in the Courtroom of the ICTR in Arusha, Tanzania.
This is the final judgment issued by the Tribunal, which was established by the UN Security Council in 1994 with the mandate to try those responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda and neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994.
The appeal was lodged by Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, Arsène Shalom Ntahobali, Sylvain Nsabimana, Alphonse Nteziryayo, Joseph Kanyabashi, Élie Ndayambaje, and the Prosecution. The six accused in the case were, on 24 June 2011, variously convicted of crimes of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, incitement to commit genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes for their role in crimes committed against Tutsis during the 1994 genocide. Continue reading
Debris at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, near the village of Grabovo, Ukraine ©AP
At the last UN Security Council meeting, held on Wednesday 29 July, the Russian federation vetoed draft Resolution S/2015/562 on the creation of an International Criminal Tribunal for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 (ICTMH17). The resolution included a draft Statute providing for the prosecution of suspects accused of downing flight MH17 on 17 July 2014, killing 298 people including 193 Dutch citizens. Eleven countries on the 15-member council voted in favour of the proposal by Malaysia, Australia, the Netherlands and Ukraine, while three countries abstained: China, Angola, and Venezuela.
Earlier on the day, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte had called Vladimir Putin to appeal on him directly to support the creation of the ICT. Based on the Law on International Crimes, Dutch prosecutors have opened an investigation into the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH-17 on suspicion of murder, war crimes and intentionally downing an airliner. Russia said discussions on a dedicated ICT should be postponed until the two Dutch-led investigations into the crash release their reports.